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Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is located at a distance of 16 km east of Sultan's Battery.
The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1973. It is one of the finest sanctuaries in Kerala also called as Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary. The Wayanad sanctuary is the protected area adjacent to Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka on the north-east and Mudimalai of Tamilnadu on the south-east. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site.
Wayanad lies at an altitude 650 metre above sea level; it gets rainfall around 3,000 to 4,000 mm., with a maximum temperature of 35°C and a minimum temperature of 18°C that covers around 345 sq. km.
Wayanad receives reasonable amount of rain from June to August. Usually, it will be warm during March, April and May.
Wildlife Sanctuary is situated amidst attractive beautiful surroundings of Wayanad town at just 16 km from Sultan's Battery in Kerala, the sanctuary is a vital part of the famous Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which was exclusively created to protect and preserve the extremely rich bio-diversity of the region. The flora of Wayanad wildlife sanctuary largely consists of green wet deciduous forests with a small number of patches of semi evergreen forests.
In the wet deciduous forest we find varieties of trees, which include rosewood, venteak, vengal, chadachi, mazhukanjiram, bamboo etc. About 110 sq. km of the sanctuary is under plantation of teak, eucalyptus, and grevelia
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is not only a habitat for tigers, leopards, sloth bears, wild dogs, jackals, and Indian foxes but also home for gaur, sambar, spotted dear, Indian muntjac, bonnet macaque, black-naped hare, wild boar, and giant squirrel.
Elephants occupy the main position in the forest and they could be seen only in the sanctuary during the dry season as they travel during the monsoons. The Forest Department offers Elephant ride in the sanctuary.
On tours to Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, one can visit the attractive Chembra Peak, the highest peak in Wayanad, offering perfect conditions for trekking.
Banasura peak (2,073 m) and Brahmagiri (1,608 m) are some of the important mountains in the district
Other tourist attractions here includes the Edakkal Caves, which is situated at a height of 1,000 metres, with some interesting New Stone Age symbolic writings on the walls, and human and animal figures of these caves are truly fascinating.
The best time to visit Wayanad is from September to May. The tourists can get accommodation in government guest houses or private lodges.
Distance from Wayanad
Mysore: 110 km
Cochin: 286 km
Trivandrum: 502 km
Kasargod: 216 km
Calicut: 98 km
How to get there:
Nearest Airport: The nearest airport is Calicut Airport. From airport, buses and taxis are available to reach Wayanad. The tourists can hire private taxis or can travel by government and private busses.
Nearest Railhead: The district is well connected by a railway network.
By road: Kalpetta, the headquarters of Wayanad is linked by road to other towns in Kerala and there are frequent buses to Calicut.
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