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Warangal Travel Guide
Warangal district is situated in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Warangal is located about 145 km northeast of Hyderabad and it is located near the Telangana region of the state. The handsome city of Warangal is well known for granite quarries, rice, chillies, cotton, and tobacco. This city, during the period from 12th and 14th centuries was the capital of a Hindu Shaivite kingdom ruled by the famous Kakatiya dynasty.
The old name of Warangal city is Orugallu which when split, 'Oru' means one and 'Kallu' means stone. It is known that the entire city was carved in a single rock, hence the name. The Kakatiyas were famous for their contribution to architecture and many monuments, including a striking fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple is proof which stands tall to this day. The famous traveler Marco Polo mentioned about the cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas. Well-known rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Queen Rudramma Devi who are remembered even now. After the defeat of Pratapa Rudra, the Musunuri Nayaks captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate by uniting seventy two Nayak chieftains and ruled for fifty years.
The festivals celebrated here include Hindu festivals such as Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti and in addition, the district currently hosts the bi - annual Samakka sarakka Jatra or congregation. Approximately 6 million people join for over three days around the small village of Medaram and celebrate with a lot of pomp and splendor. This fair is said to be the largest repeating aggregation of tribal communities in the whole world.
Places of interest
Thousand Pillar Temple: This is one of the finest temples and the pride of the Kakatiya architecture. Thousand Pillar Temple is also serves as a testimony for Vishwakarma Brahmins who are known for their Excellency in sculpture. Rudra Deva, celebrated king of the Kaktiya dynasty built this temple in 1163 in the style of Chalukyan temples. Thousand Pillar Temple is a star shaped and triple shrine which is the signature style of the Chalukyas. Recently the archeological department made excavations and they found a well below the kalyanamantapam, which is also the proof that the foundation of this wonderful structure was built on water!!
Warangal Fort: This magnificent fort of Warangal dates back to the 13th century, and is just 2 km away from the Warangal Railway station making it a perfect tourist spot.
Only the ruins can now be seen since the fort was destroyed by invaders. Three layers of protection had been given to this fort, the ruins of which can still be seen. The first is a mud wall, currently up to about 20 feet high and several kilometers in circumference, encircling the huge fort. A wall of granite rock forms the second layer. The fort also has famous stone gateways, about 30 feet high and is still standing. It is a masterpiece carved from a single rock. They are called Kirti Toranas (The gateways of glory) of Kakatiyas.
Planetarium and Musical Garden: A planetarium and a beautiful garden near the Bhadrakali Temple can be found. A fantastic water fountain show is held here which cannot be missed by the tourists.
How to get there
Nearest Airport: There is an airstrip at Mamnoor on the south-eastern outskirts of Warangal. The nearest international air port is located at Hyderabad, 142 km away and can be accessed easily from all major countries.
Nearest Railhead: Warangal is well connected to all the major cities in India by rail. Kazipet is about 13 km from Warangal which is a major railway junction on the Bangalore-New Delhi route.
Road: There are two bus stations in Warangal and Hanamkonda. Long distance deluxe buses ply from Warangal to Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Tirupathi.
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