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Edakkal is a place situated in Wayanad district of Kerala. Edakkal is the tallest mountain in the district named Ambukuthi mala hills. Edakkal caves are two natural caves dating from around 8,000 BC are at the height of 1,000 meters high on Ambukuthi mala hills. One has to go on a 1 km trek trail to reach the hills.
The word Edakkal means "a stone in between"-three massive boulders making one to rest on the other two- with its bottom placed in between the two boulders and serving as the roof.
Inside the cave there are two levels, the lower chamber, and a route opposite the entrance leads upward to a small opening in the roof through which one climbs up to the next storey. Light enters the cave through a big opening at the right-hand corner of the roof where the boulder does not touch the facing wall.
The writings inside the caves are believed to be from Neolithic man, which is also the evidence of the existence of prehistoric civilizations in this region. Such Stone Age carvings are very rare and these are the only known examples in southern India. It is the significance of World's Richest Pictographic Gallery of its kind with unique features and also cosidered as one of the first centres of human territory.
The caves were discovered by Fred Fawcett, in 1890, a British Officer.
On a hunting trip to Wayanad he discovered some stone age chisel from the coffee estates and went around with the locals to the Wayanad high ranges in this expedition he was shown the Edakkal rock-shelter located on the western side of Edakkalmala.
He was surprised to see this site and recognized the site as the habitat of Neolithic Stone Age dated from 4000 BC to 17000 BC. These were the first specimens of drawings found in India.
Edakkal caves are situated around 15 km from Sultan battery; it is open for people from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm. Food products are not allowed inside the caves.
The best time to visit Edakkal is from September to May. It is dangerous to visit from June to August as it will be raining heavily and rocks will be slippery.
- Kuruvadweep is situated close to Edakkal, and it is a beautiful island on the banks of the Kabani River, 17 km from Mananthavady.
- Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary the sanctuary is a vital part of the famous Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which was exclusively created to protect and preserve the extremely rich bio-diversity of the region
- Banasura peak and Brahmagiri are some of the important mountains in the district.
- Edakkal Heritage Museum, Phantom Rock and the ancient Jain Temple are other tourist attractions.
Distance from Edakkal
Kozhikode: 100 Km
Karapura: 100 km
Bangalore: 300 Km
Madikeri: 200 km
Mysore: 145 km
Bandipur: - 120 km
Ooty: 125 km
Mudumalai: 90 km
How to get there:
Nearest Airport: Karipur International Airport, Kozhikode, located about 23km from Kozhikode town.
Nearest Railhead: The nearest railhead is located at Kozhikode, about 100 km from Sultan Bathery.
By road: Edakkal could be reached by road from Wayanad. Tourist can go in buses or hire private taxis to reach Edakkal.
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