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Chandigarh Travel information
The first name of the city is resultant from Goddess of power known as Shri Chandika whose temple is on Chandigarh-Kalka Road. The holy place is known by the name of Chandi Mandir. Chandigarh is measured to be an earliest site and has a major devout import for Hindus.
After India's autonomy from British rule Punjab happen to be a state without a capital. Though there was a passing secretariat at Shimla in Himachal Pradesh, the supporting control decisive on the assembly of a recent and accessible capital. This was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's Dream City of modern India. The city was forenamed as Chandigarh. This is the first planned city of India.
The responsibility for the design was given to the French designer Le Corbusier or the Crow. With the help of his cousin Pierre Jeanneret, and that of the English combine Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew (along with a amount of Indian architect prominent amongst them Chief planner Narinder S. Lamba & Chief Engineer J.C. Verma) Chandigarh, the near capital, come into being at the foothills of the Shivaliks (the first of three parallel chains of the Himalayas).
Chandigarh was built in 1953 and serves as the capital of two states, i.e. Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh is administered by the Central Government and is hence classified as a Union Territory. Since 1986 there has been much talk about officially handling it to Punjab on the basis of demography. The issue however continues to be a matter of dialogue with many taking side' dispute.
Rose Garden: Next to city centre, in Sector 16 is situated Zakir Hussain Rose Garden Asia's largest Rose Garden and is spread over 30 acres of land having over 1600 different species or roses. These have been planted beautifully carved out lawns and flowers beds. Like the cultural zone which is just across the road in sector 10, this was also planned by Dr. M.S. Randhawa as his interest in horticulture and fondness for flowers was profuse. Every year, either at the end of February or beginning of March, a big festival known as Rose Festival, is celebrated at this garden. Over 20,000 people visit this festival. It's one of the great celebrations in the city. There are lots of competitions, cultural celebrations and many other events.
The Leisure Valley: Located in Sector 10 with an area of almost 20 acres is a beautiful garden. Though the word Leisure valley comprises of all the gardens in the city but this garden is known by this name. The annual Bougainvillea Show is held in this garden.
The Terrace Garden: This garden is located in Sector 33. One can see hundreds of different varieties of flowers in the garden. In evenings, people enjoy the cool breeze that flows in the garden.
Botanical Garden: Between Rock Garden and Sukhna Lake a picturesque Botanical garden is spread over 88 acre. Small pools and the rare species kept under the green house draw garden lovers as well as botanists.
Samriti Upvan: Located in Sector 1 .This garden is full of trees, here every tree commemorates some one who is no more.
Cactus Garden: The biggest Cactus Garden in Asia is located just 8 km away from Chandigarh in the city Panchkula. The unique garden has hundreds of different varieties of cactus. Some varieties are very unique & rare.
Bougainvillea Garden: The garden is devoted to hundreds of bougainvillea varieties. The creepers cover a wide assortment of arches, bowers, pavilions and arcades. Fitness Trails wind through this garden, designed to give each person who completes the route a complete exercise regimen by the time they reach the end. The annual Bougainvillea Show is held here. Open on all days.
Shanti Kunj: The name means "Abode of Peace" trees, pools and streams crossed by curved bridges and a large number of meditation nooks define this garden. There is also an open air stage. Open on all days.
Children's Traffic Park: Concrete paths wander over the gently rolling slopes of this park they are laid out to form "roads and intersections" and furnished with all sorts of road signs. This place, safe from heavy speeding vehicles is useful for children who are learning to cycle, and designed to teach them to use the road safely. Open on all days.
Rajendra Park: This vast open space has been left in its natural state, resembling the land of a village common. Sporting events such as horse shows are held here from time to time.
Government Museum and Art Gallery: Leisure Valley of Chandigarh runs through several sectors. In this Valley in sector 10 has been created a cultural zone. In this zone Government Museum and Art Gallery is located. As per its name its building in itself is a work of great art. Historical and modern paintings and sculptures of vast range are housed in the museum. Dr. M.S.Randhawa, the first Chief Commissioner of Chandigarh Union Territory, was a man of many facts. One of these was his fondness and love for art. He had remained himself involved in Kangra and other Pahari miniature paintings as well as Gandhara sculptures. Because of his interest of anthropologists there is collection of fossils of pre historic man and his implements. These finds were unearthed in India. In the complex are museum of Evolution and the exhibition gallery housing interesting features. The core collection of this museum included 619 Gandhara sculptures and 92 ancient sculptures from other periods, as well as 447 miniature paintings (mainly from the Punjab Hills but with some Persian, Mughal and Rajasthani works in addition). Over the past 40 years more than 9,000 objects have been acquired, the total number of works now exceeds 10,000.
Museum of the Evolution of Life (Science Museum): Inaugurated on 14 August 1973. A large cyclorama gallery is the focus of the museum; it depicts the origin of the earth and the evolution of life. Other galleries introduce the viewer to astronomy, geology and the world of ancient man.
Child Art Gallery: This gallery exhibits works by young artists of the Chandigarh. The museum frequently organizes art workshops for students and children.
National Gallery of Portraits: Located in Sector 17B and inaugurated on 11th September 1977 with portraits of Indian freedom fighters, rare documents and recordings of the voices of 125 prominent figures of India's Independence movement. The gallery now contains approx. 1066 photographs plus facsimiles of original writings, sculptures and ceramic murals. Some 1300 books on the freedom struggle of India kept in the library of the gallery.
International Dolls Museum: Situated in Bal Bhawan, Sector 23 and inaugurated on 24th December, 1985, it contains more than 300 dolls from nearly every country in the world. Ten ceramic murals and a large model train complete the display.
Punjab Kala Kendra: Open from 10.00 hrs to 17.00 hrs Set up in Sector-16, the Kendra is the office of the Punjab Arts Council (Punjab Lalit Kala Akademi). Exhibitions are frequently organized in its large galleries and the Punjab Lalit Kala Akademy's permanent collection of contemporary art is also on display here.
Best time to visit: The best time to visit this place would be in the month of October and if some perfectionists want some more time it can extend till January.
How to get there:
Nearest Airport: Chandigarh also has a domestic airport located nearly 12 kilometers from the Inter-State Bus Terminus (ISBT). Its name is Chandigarh Airport. Jet Airways, JetLite, Air India, and Kingfisher Airlines operate regular flights from Chandigarh to New Delhi and Mumbai.
Nearest Railhead: Chandigarh has a railway station located about 10 km away from the Inter-State Bus Terminus (ISBT). Regular train connections are available to the New Delhi and to some other important junctions like Kalka, Ambala, Amritsar, Bhiwani, Howrah, Mumbai, Chennai, Trivandrum and Sri Ganganagar.
Road: Chandigarh is well connected by road. The two main National Highways (NH) connecting Chandigarh with the rest of the country are: NH 22 (Ambala - Kalka - Shimla - Kinnaur) and NH 21 (Chandigarh - Leh).
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