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Aurangabad Travel Guide
The town ship of Aurangabad is known for its monuments of medieval period and heritage of its culture. Aurangabad was the capital of the terrible Mughal Empire for a short period. Aurangabad city shines with the pride of The Bibi-ka-Makbara, a tomb which resembles the Taj Mahal.
The importance of Aurangabad is awesome, surrendering to its world conquering heritage sites of Ajanta and Ellora. These sites even have Buddhist, Jain and Hindu temples. Aurangabad is gift orientedly famous for its silk and cotton textiles.
Aurangabad city is positioned in the northern part of the Maharashtra state, in the western region of India. It is 375 km from Mumbai (Bombay). Aurangabad city is surrounded by breath taking pictures of huge mountains. The weather of Aurangabad is temperate with moderate winters (November-February) and summers (April-June). This region experiences good southwestern monsoon rains in June-September. The Kham River also passes through the city of Aurangabad.
Bibi-ka-Makbara, the tomb of Aurangzeb's queen, is the main tourist attraction of Aurangabad. This memorial is also nicknamed 'the poor man's Taj Mahal' considering it as a poor replica of the Taj mahal. A small archeological museum is located behind the tomb. Panchakki (water wheel) is another tourist spot and it has the Tomb of Baba Shah Muzaffar, a Sufi Saint, near by. Himroo (traditional cotton-silk blend fabric) factory, Purwar Museum, and Aurangabad Caves are other prominent tourist attractions within the city.
There are a number of important tourist attractions beyond the limits of the city of Aurangabad. The cave temples of Ellora, listed among the World Heritage sites, are 30 km northwest of the city.
The world famous Buddhist caves at Ajanta, also a World Heritage site, lies 166 km northeast of Aurangabad. The Buddhist caves of Ajanta are world famous for their well-preserved wall paintings, which differently depict the lifestyle of that period.
The fort of Daulatabad is 13 km from Aurangabad and is situated en route Ellora. Khuldabad, the last place of Aurangzeb, is 3 km from Ellora. Grishneshwar temple, an important Hindu pilgrimage site, is located in the village of Verul, near Ellora caves. It is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas of India, where Lord Shiva is worshipped.
Paithan, 56 km south of Aurangabad, is famous for its traditional Paithani silk saris. Twenty four kilometers from Aurangabad lie the Bani Begum Gardens, which surround the tomb of one of Aurangzeb's queens. Pithalkora caves are 78 km from Aurangabad. Mhaismal, 25 km from Aurangabad, is another tourist spot.
Bibi ka Maqbara: Built by Azam Shah in 1678, the Bibi ka Maqbara is a son's loving tribute to his mother, Begum Rabia Durrani, the Queen of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.
Panchakki: An engineering feat of the time is the Panchakki, or the water mill built by Malik Ambar in 1695. The water, channeled from a spring on a distant hill was used to power the flour mill and grind grain for the pilgrims.
Darwazas: Most of the monuments in Aurangabad are of the Nizam Shahi, Mughal and Maratha period. There are four main darwazas, or gates leading into the city, which along with nine secondary darwazas formed part of the defense systems of the city.
Daulatabad: Rising dramatically over 600 ft above the Deccan plain is the arresting sight of Daulatabad. Once known as Devgiri, this fort served as the head quarters of the powerful Yadava rulers. In the 13th century, Mohammed bin Tughlak, the Sultan of Delhi, made it his capital and renamed it Daulatabad, or City of Fortune.
Khuldabad: In the 14th century, several Sufi saints of the Chishti order, chose to reside in Khuldabad or the Abode of Eternity. The tomb of the spiritual guide of the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb, is within this sacred complex.
Grishneshwar Temple: Just half a kilometre from the Ellora Caves is Ghrishneshwar Temple. It enshrines one of the 12 jyotirlingas dedicated to Shiva.
Getting there: Close by to Ajanta, Anwa Temple can be reached by taking a deviation at Golegaon. Private car or taxi is precisely the best mode of transport.
Pitalkhora Caves: Thirteen Buddhist excavations, time recorded from the 2nd century BC to the 1st century AD lie about 40 km northwest of Ellora, cut into the side of the a secluded ravine. The town is also famous for the Dnyaneshwar Udyan, which is the largest garden in Maharashtra, and a museum which treasures a fascinating collection of art. The Jaikwadi Dam nearby is a bird-watchers delight.
BEST TIME TO VISIT
MAHARASHTRIAN cities present idealism in terms of weather all through the year.
How to get there:
Nearest Airport: Chikalthana airport is Aurangabad's domestic airport. The nearest international airports are Mumbai and Pune.
Nearest Railhead: Aurangabad is a railway station on the Nanded Division of South-Central railway (Manmad - Kachiguda section), with direct rail links to New Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and Hyderabad.
Road: Aurangabad is well connected by road network.
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