Home » North India Tourist Destinations » Amritsar, Golden Temple
Amritsar city marked in northern Punjab state of northwestern India and lies about 15 miles (25 km) east of the border with Pakistan. Amritsar is a prominent city in Punjab and is an important commercial, cultural, and transportation unit. Amritsar is also the holy land of Sikhism and the site of the Sikh's prioritized place of worship.
The Golden temple is situated in the holy city of the Sikhs, Amritsar. The Golden temple is famous for its full golden temple; it is one of the most precious pilgrimage spots for Sikhs. The Mandir is designed on a 67-ft square of marble and is a two storied structure. Maharaja Ranjit Singh had the upper half of the building built with approximately 400 kg of gold leaf. The Golden Temple is thronged by a number of other famous temples like the Durgiana Temple. The fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ram Das, who had initially constructed a pool here, founded Amritsar, which shelters the Golden Temple or Harmandir Sahib.
It is here that Sage Valmiki wrote the epic, Ramayana. Rama and Sita are believed to have spent their fourteen-year vanavasa in Amritsar, the focus of Sikhism. To the south of the temple are a garden, and the tower of Baba Atal. The Central Sikh Museum is atop the Clock Tower. The 'Guru Ka Langar' offers free food to around 20,000 people everyday. The number steeps up to 100,000 on special occasions. A visitor must cover his / her head before entering the temple premises. The Granth Sahib is kept in the Temple during the day and is kept in the Akal Takht or great Throne in the night. The Akal Takht also houses the ancient weapons used by the Sikh warriors. Guru Hargobind established it. The rugged old Jubi Tree in the North West corner of the compound is believed to possess special powers. It was planted 450 years ago, by the Golden Temple's first main priest, Baba Buddha. Guru-ka-Langar or the communal canteen is towards the eastern entrance of the temple complex, and it provides free food to all visitors, regardless of color, creed, caste or gender.
Visitors to the Golden Temple must remove their shoes and cover their heads before entering the temple. The temple is less crowded in the early mornings on weekends. Within the sacred premises of the Golden Temple, a devotee can seek blessing at:
The Akal Takht
Har Ki Pauri
Dukh Bhanjani Ber (Jujube Tree)
Ber Baba Budha Ji
Gurudwara Ilachi Ber
Ath Sath Tirath
Bunga Baba Deep Singh
Near by attractions
Durgiana Temple (Lakshmi Narain Temple)
Jallian Wala Bagh
Samadhi of Guru Angad Dev Ji
Jama Masjid Khairuddin
Samadh of Shravan
The Historical Banyan Tree (Shaheedi Bohr)
Humidity: Relative humidity is generally high in the mornings, exceeding 70 per cent except during the summer season when it is less than 50 per cent. The humidity is comparatively less in the afternoons. The driest part of the year is the summer season when the relative humidity in the afternoons is about 25 per cent or less.
Cloudiness: The skies are generally partly to heavily clouded and occasionally overcast during the monsoon and for brief spells of a day or two in association with passing western disturbances during the cold season .During the rest of the year, the skies are mostly clear or lightly clouded.
Winds: winds are generally light with some strengthening in the summer and early part of the monsoon season. In the post-monsoon and cold season, winds are light and variable in direction in the morning and mostly from the west or north-west in the afternoons. In April and May, winds are mainly from direction between north-west and north-east in the mornings and between west and north-east in the afternoons. By June, easterlies and south -easterlies also blow and in the south-west monsoon season. winds are more commonly from directions between north-east and south-east.
Special weather phenomena: Western disturbances affect the weather over the district during the cold season, causing widespread rain and gusty winds. Dust-storms and thunderstorms occur in the summer season. Occasional fog occurs in the cold season.
Best time to visit: The climate in this place will be ideally available throughout the year.
How to get there?
Air: The Rajasansi airport, about 11 km from town, is connected by domestic flights to Delhi, Srinagar and Chandigarh.
Rail: Amritsar is connected by direct trains to major Indian cities like Delhi, Jammu, Mumbai, Nagpur, Calcutta and Puri.
Road: You can drive into Amritsar from neighboring states. Bus services also is available to Amritsar with most north Indian towns, including Chandigarh (235 Kms), Delhi (450 Kms), Shimla, Kulu, Manali, Dharamshala and Dalhousie in Himachal Pradesh, Dehradun and Rishikesh in Uttar Pradesh and Jammu. You can get to town by a pre-booked rented car, taxis or auto-rickshaws.
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