Home » North India Tourist Destinations » Agra
In Uttar Pradesh on the banks of Yamuna River, on the Indo-Gangetic plain, the third biggest city Agra is located at 171 meters , i.e., 561 ft, from sea level. Agra is an ancient city of India and emerged as beautiful and major tourist destination during Mughal rule between 1526 and 1658. It is history that the Agra city was founded by Sultan Sikandar Lodi, the then sultan of Delhi Sutanate. In 1526 he lost to Babar in the first battle of panipet. Hemu was another King and warrior reestablished Vikramaditya dynasty in Delhi by winning and 21 times and chasing away Akbar's army from North India.
Before getting the name as Agra it was known as Akbarabad, and was capital of Mughals till Shahjahan shifted capital to Shajahanabad. We witness monuments built by every ruler of Mughal Empire. They are The Persian garden, Aram Bagh or the garden of relaxation were built during Babar rule. By Building Red Fort Akbar made it a one of the famous centers of education and also built Fathepur Sikri with only stones designed like a military camp. Jehangir laid many Gardens in and around Agra. Taj Mahal stands as romantic Shahajahan's loving momentum for his beautiful wife Mumtaz, which was completed only in 1653. With Auregazeb imprisoning his father and moved the capital back to Agra the Mugal Empire declined. Some time Agra was in the hands of Marathas and Jats, but from 1803 British ruled this picturesque city.
The most important tourist attractions at Agra are:
Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World built by Shajahan to his wife Mumtaz. It is declared as World Heritage Site along with other two in Agra. Persian Architect Ustad Isa built with Marble and took 22 years to complete this monument. Verses of Holy Quran are inscribed on the 22 small domes on the Gate which tells the number of years taken to complete to complete this monument. The plate form of the monument is on Sandstone. The dome of the Tajmahal is with 60 ft diameter and height of 80 ft. This could be viewed like a mirage from Agra Fort. Imprisoned by his Son Aurengazeb, Shahajan's final years of were spent staring at Tajmahal, his wife's tomb.
Taj Mahal is closed on Fridays, and visiting hours for tourist is between 6 AM and 7.30 PM
The crescent shaped dominant red sand stone fort is called as Agra Fort also called as Red Fort, a typical example of Mughal architecture. It was built during Akbars rule but during shahjahn's rule many of the palaces were built including famous Sheesh Mahal. The high wall of the fort hides the palaces inside the fort. As a tribute to Shivaji's heroism, a statue is erected out side the fort.
About 35 km from Agra another world heritage, Fatehpur Sikri is situated. It is here Babar defeated Rana Sanga at a place called Sikri. Akbar dreamt to make Fatehpur Sikri as his capital but in vain because shortage of water it remained as a dream for ever.
One has to climb 42 steps to reach Buland Darwaza, as it is the highest gateway in the the world, which is 53.63 m high and 35 m wide. It is built by using red stone and laid with marble Emperor Akbar built this Darwaza on his victory over Gujarat. The secular drive of Akbar could be seen in this Architecture.
The tomb is refered as Baby Taj as it resembles the architechture of Taj mahal. The queen of Emperor Jahangir, Nur jahan built this tomb for her father Itmad-Ud-Daulah, who was also the chief minister of Jahangir. The tomb's hexagonal towers are 13 m tall, with a mausoleum with 23 m square. The tomb is based on a 50 m square. It has intricately carved jail screen through which the tomb gets lighted in the day. Nurjahan father and mother rests side by side in the mausoleum.
Manka Meswar Temple:
The four corners of the Agra city have Lord Shiva's Temples. Manka Meshwara temple is one among them, which is very near to jama Masjid, and 2.5 km and 1 km away from Taj Mahal and Agra fort, respectively.
Jama Masjid was built in 1648, a large mosque without minarets and an unusual dome, which was dedicated to the princess Jahanara Begum,the daughter of Shah Jahan.
Chini Ka Rauza:
Allama Afzel Khal Mullah Shukrullah of Shiraz was the Prime minister of Shah Jahan. It is to him the Chini Ka Rauza is attributed to, which is known for its blue glazed tiled dome, with a noted Persian influence in architecture.
A Moghal Garden built by Babur on the Yamuna river bank, North to the Taj Mahal. The garden is the coolest place in Agra during summer as the pavilions of the garden is deigned in such a way that the breeze from Yamuna River keeps airs the garden.
Swami Bagh Samadhi:
Swami Bagh Samadhi is the incomplete Samadhi of Huzur Swamiji Maharaj (Shri Shiv Dayal Singh Seth), founder of Radhaswami Faith. It is being built using a combination of colored marble since 1908, and hailed as next Taj Mahal of India with a dome and gateway when it actually will get completed.
Sikandra (Akbar's Tomb):
Akbar resting place is between Delhi and Agra high way, 13 km away from Agra Fort. It was planned by Akbar ahead of his death, a Tartary custom of Mughals, and his Son Jahangir completed the tomb's construction. Its stand amidst the lush green garden and the tomb Pyramidal tomb reflects the Emperor's personality with carvings deers, rabbits and monkeys on the red-ochre sandstone.
The tomb of Emperor Akber's Christian wife Mariam.
Agra Distance Chart
Please send us your enquiry and we will respond within 24 to 48 hours.